Lamar Complicated Stamped

from David Anderson's type description

Background

During the Rembert phase (AD 1350-1450) in the upper Savannah River Mississippian assemblages are characterized by Lamar Complicated Stamped pottery, with both curvilinear and rectilinear motifs present (Anderson et al. 1986: 431-42; Rudolph and Hally 1986: 456-459). Design motifs included concentric circles, figure nines, filfot crosses, line blocks, and herring bones. Check stamping nearly disappears, while Lamar Bold Incised makes its first appearance, albeit in low incidence. Incised vessels dating to this period are characterized by simple designs formed using typically two or three broad lines. Cane punctations, rosettes, and nodes continue on vessel rims, and finger pinching appears. Rims included both folded and unfolded forms, and narrow appliqued strips appear. Rembert components have been identified at Rembert, Rucker's Bottom, and Tugalo.

Late prehistoric/protohistoric Tugalo phase (AD 1600) components in the upper Savannah are also characterized by Lamar Complicated Stamped and Lamar Incised pottery. The complicated stamped design motifs are similar to those from the preceding Rembert phase, although the stamping is larger and more carelessly applied; the incised ware, in contrast, has more complex designs than during the preceding period, made from a larger number of narrower lines. Folded and pinched rims dominate jar assemblages, and rim fold and appliqued strip width increases over earlier periods (Rudolph 1983: 90-93). Red filming again appears as a minority ware (Anderson et al.: 1986: 38-42; Duncan 1985). Tugalo phase components are restricted to the extreme upper reaches of the Savannah River, where they have been identified at Chauga, Estatoe, and Tugalo.

Sorting Criteria

Complicated stamping dominated by rectilinear motifs, with lesser occurrences of curvilinear motifs. Stamp impressions are usually large, bold, and sloppily executed, with overstamping common. The grooves making up the design and typically 3.0-5.0 mm wide, and about 2.0 mm deep. Paste varies but typically is fine with appreciable inclusions present.

Distribution

Western Piedmont South Carolina, progressively less common to the east.

Chronological Position

Later Mississippian period (AD 1350- 1600).

References

Anderson et al. 1986: 38-42; Rudolph and Hally 1985: 456-459