Oldtown Net Impressed

OLDTOWN NET IMPRESSED, VARIETY FINE

Background

See Background description for Series.

Sorting Criteria

(See Sorting Criteria for the Series) Most Net Impressed, variety Fine vessels are thin walled jars (less than 6 mm thick) with smoothed interiors and everted rims, though one bowl form has been identified. The nets used to impress the surfaces of these pots have knots spaced about 3 apart that are about 2 mm in diameter.

Distribution

This type has only been identified at Upper Saratown.

Chronological Position

AD 1670 -17 10. Net impressing using nets with closely-spaced, small knots or finely woven nets was first recognized in Middle Saratown phase components. This surface was more popular during the following Late Saratown phase.

References

Wilson 1983; Ward and David 1993, 1996 (ms in part I) 1996

(Type description: Jane Eastman)

 

OLDTOWN NET IMPRESSED, VARIETY COARSE

Background

Though Wilson (1983: 617) did not formally describe ceramic types, he did describe the series. Among the series surface treatments he listed were net impressed and several specimens were illustrated. Davis described the Net Impressed type based on an analysis of pottery from the William Kluttz site (Ward and Davis 1999: 295). Following an analysis of this and other assemblages, I felt it was prudent to split net impressed sherds in the series into two groups based on the coarseness of the net used to texture the vessel exterior. The specimens illustrated by Wilson from the Early Saratown phase assemblage would fall under the coarse variety of Net Impressed. The sherds from the Kluttz site described by Davis would be classified as Net Impressed, variety Fine type. These latter sherds were made during the Middle and Late Saratown phases, but were most popular during the second half of the Late Saratown phase. These two types are distinguishable not only on the basis of coarseness of the net, but also on rim form and interior surface treatment.

Sorting Criteria

(See Sorting Criteria for the Series) Net Impressed, var. Coarse is distinguished from Dan River Net Impressed pottery by several attributes including the tendency for vessel rims to be everted and folded. In addition, paste generally has a high mica content, is tempered with fine sand, and is smooth to the touch. Nets used to roughen the exterior surface of these pots had knots spaced about 5mmapart and the cord used in the net was between 0.5 and 1 mm in diameter. Only one of the Net Impressed, var. Coarse sherds from the Upper Saratown assemblage was decorated. The neck of this sherd was decorated with parallel incised lines oriented oblique to the rim. Several of the rim sherds had net impressions on the vessel lip. The vessel interiors were smoothed, but typically bore evidence of having been scraped and subsequently smoothed.

Distribution

This type has only been identified at Upper Saratown.

Chronological Position

AD 1450 -1620. Net Impressed, var. Coarse pottery has been identified in only one Early Saratown pottery assemblage, that from the Early Saratown component from the test trench excavation at Upper Saratown. Its chronological position is presented as the same for the Early Saratown phase, but no radiocarbon dates are available for this variety.

References

Wilson 1983; Ward and David 1993, 1996 (ms in part I)

(Type description: Jane Eastmun)