St. Catherines Plain

David Anderson's type description

Background

The type St. Catherines Plain was originally formally defined by DePratter (1979: 132) based on materials in collections from WPA-era excavations at the mouth of the Savannah. The finish is a minority type at the mouth of the Savannah River. St. Catherines Plain is distinguished from Wilmington Plain primarily by the size of the temper elements, and in care with which the exterior and interior surfaces are smoothed.

Sorting Criteria

Both the interior1 finishes are smoothed, often over shell scraping. The paste is characterized by crushed sherds or clay/grog from 3 to 5 mm in maximum dimension. The grog/sherd temper elements are smaller, on the average, than in Wilmington Cord Marked assemblages.

Distribution

Sea Island area of northern Georgia and extreme southwestern South Carolina, in the vicinity of the mouth of the Savannah River.

Chronological Position

Terminal Late Woodland / Initial Mississippian (ca. AD 1000-1150).

References

DePratter 1979: 133; 1991: 182-183; Steed nd