St. Catherines Net Marked

from David Anderson's type description

Background

The type St. Catherines Net-Marked was formally defined by DePratter (1979: 13 I), based on materials from WPA-era excavations at the mouth of the Savannah. The description was modified from an earlier unpublished study by William Steed. Given the size of the temper inclusions, which are comparable to those observed on Wilmington pottery, placement within the St. Catherines series may need to be re-assessed.

Sorting Criteria

Net impressions over the exterior vessel surface, with overstamping common. "Both knots and webbing impressions visible on most sherds. Width of mesh varies from 9.5 mm to 19 mm (DePratter 1979: 131). Interiors are carelessly smoothed and lumpy due the large size of the temper inclusions, and are frequently shall smoothed. The paste is characterized by crushed sherds or clay/grog from 3 to 5 mm in maximum dimension, with fragments up to 10mm in size sometimes observed. The grog/sherd temper elements are larger than is typical over other finishes on the St. Catherines series and are comparable with those observed in the Wilmington series.

Distribution

Sea Island area of northern Georgia and extreme southwestern South Carolina, in the vicinity of the mouth of the Savannah River.

Chronological Position

Initial Mississippian period, AD 1000-1150/1200.

Primarv References

Caldwell 1952:316 - Wilmington Net Marked); Waring (1968: 220- Wilmington Net-Impressed); DePratter (1979: 131-132; 1991: 182; Steed nd St Catherines Net Marked).