Deptford Brushed

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Background

The type Deptford Brushed was initially defined at Mattassee Lake by Anderson et al (1982:285-286), based on a sample of 68 sherds. Brushed sherds have been occasionally noted in Deptford assemblages from the Georgia and Florida area (Milanich 1971:170), and Caldwell and McCann's (n.d.) unpublished Deptford site manuscript included a Wilmington Brushed type, which has since been formally defined by DePratter (1979:130). The Wilmington Brushed type from the Georgia coast is characterized by a clay/grog tempered paste, unlike the brushed material found at Mattassee Lake, which has a paste like that in the terrace Deptford Linear Check Stamped sherds. The two finishes nonetheless may be related, or overlap. Milanich (1971:170) reported finding brushed sherds with a Deptford paste in his excavation at Cumberland Island, Georgia, and Waring (1968b:200) noted that Refuge simple stamping was occasionally "so fine as to appear brushed." Occurrence of the finish as a minority ware within the Deptford series appears warranted.

The Deptford Brushed sherds from Mattassee Lake were characterized by narrow, smeared longitudinal impressions, reflecting haphazard brushing or combing while the paste was plastic. In a few cases, the brushing was over other finishes; two sherds were clearly brushed over Deptford Linear Check Stamped, and some of the finishes may be a simple stamp that was dragged and/or smeared during application. Brushing striations characterize and serve to identify the ware. In color and paste the ware is like Deptford Simple Stamped and Linear Check Stamped. Interior finish is somewhat more variable, however, with an appreciable minority characterized by an irregular or poorly smoothed finish. This may reflect less care in manufacture, something that might also be related to the haphazard exterior finishing. Rims were typically straight, with flattened lips; stamped lips were common, something also noted on the Deptford Simple Stamped assemblage. Close similarity with other Deptford types from the terrace is evident.

Sorting Criteria

Haphazardly applied (typically) parallel brushed or combed impressions over the exterior vessel surface; occasional cross-brushing. Impressions (typically) shallow (0.51.0 mm) and narrow (1.02.0 mm), with striations and smearing common. Paste identical to that for Deptford Linear Check Stamped.

Distribution

Poorly documented. Probably similar to that or Deptford Linear Check Stamped or Deptford Simple Stamped (Milanich 1971), in the coastal plain and fall line areas of Georgia and South Carolina, and into extreme southeastern North Carolina.

Chronological Position

Early/Middle Woodland periods (ca. 200BC-500AD). At Mattassee Lake the ware is coeval with the Deptford Linear Check Stamped and Wilmington Fabric Impressed types, and intermediate between the Refuge and Cape Fear types in the 38BK226 block unit.

Primary References

Anderson et al. (1982:285-286). Caldwell and McCann (n.d.; Wilmington Brushed type); DePratter (1979; Wilmington Brushed type); Milanich (1971).