Deptford Cord Marked

Background

The type Deptford Cord Marked was first defined by DePratter (1979:126), based on materials from the WPA excavations and subsequent work at the mouth of the Savannah River.

Cord marked pottery, which co-occurs with fabric marked pottery in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina and in much of eastern North Carolina during the Middle Woodland, is comparatively uncommon in the Piedmont of western South Carolina and northern Georgia (Goodyear et al. 1979:116-117; Taylor and Smith 1978:297; Wauchope 1966:52,71; Wood 1981:14), a finding supported by the Russell Reservoir investigations (Anderson 1988c). Cord marked sherds are only rarely observed within Middle Woodland Cartersville assemblages, and an occurrence with the Middle/Late Woodland Connestee and Mississippian Etowah and Savannah series is inferred for most of the cord marked pottery found in the upper Savannah River area. Comparable Early to Middle Woodland cord marked wares from the surrounding region include the Mossy Oak, Swannanoa, and Deptford Cord Marked types (DePratter 1979:126; Keel 1976:260-263; Wauchope 1966:52).

Sorting Criteria

Parallel cord impressions, with cord widths averaging 1.0 to 2.0 mm. Cross cord impressions also occur and comprise a distinct minority of assemblages. Care in application of the cord impressions varies considerably, from closely to irregularly spaced, with the latter more common. Paste characterized by varying amounts of small (0.5-2.0 mm), rounded clear, white, or rose quartz inclusions. Interior finish typically slightly sandy or gritty in texture.

Distribution

Observed primarily along Savannah River below the Fall Line, and along the Edisto River.

Chronological Position

Middle Woodland period, Deptford Phase (ca. 800 BC - AD 500). A date early in the Deptford range (ca. AD 200 - 500) is indicated at the G. S. Lewis site on the middle Savannah (Hanson 1986).

Primary References

DePratter (1979:126); Waring (1968c); Williams (1968); Anderson et al.(1979); Sassaman and Anderson (1990).