Deptford Linear Check Stamped/Simple Stamped

from David Anderson's type description

Background

Not previously defined. The finish combination was noted in a description of ceramics found in the central Savannah River Valley (Sassaman and Anderson 1990: 193, 200). It appears to be fairly common along the central Savannah River. It is decidedly uncommon on the central Santee River, a distributional pattern that warrants further documentation and explanation.

Sorting Criteria

Alternating arrangement of linear check and simple stamped designs. Typically from one to four rows of linear checks occur, separated by an empty area devoid of stamp impressions, or characterized by a single U-shaped or flattened groove. The linear check stamped portion of the design is a "repeated parallel arrangement of two longitudinal lands which contain a series of finer transverse lands. The longitudinal lands are invariably heavier and usually higher than the transverse lands" (Caldwell and Waring 1939). The lands are formed by the carving of grooves into a wooden paddle; the stamp is applied when the vessel paste is plastic. Occasionally smoothed somewhat after stamping. The width of the simple stamped portion of the design typically varies from 3.0-10.0 mm in width. Paste characterized by varying amounts of small (0.5-2.0 mm), rounded clear, white, or rose quartz inclusions. Interior finish typically slightly sandy or gritty in texture.

Distribution

Deptford Linear Check/Simple Stamped occurs throughout the Coastal Plain and Fall Line areas of eastern Georgia and South Carolina, and is occasionally noted in the southeastern Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Appears more common along the Savannah River than areas to the northeast.

Chronological Position

Early and Middle Woodland periods (ca. 600BC - 500AD). Stratigraphic evidence for the G. S. Lewis site suggests that this type dates to fairly early within the temporal range for Deptford (Hanson 1986).

Primary References

Sassaman and Anderson (1990: 193,200).