Deep Creek/New River Series

Deep Creek (Phelps 1983)

Joe Herbert placed this in his New River series, while others have considered it a “Deptford” correlate (see Deptford and Cape Fear). David Phelps described it as having a moderately compact to friable paste, with coarse sand temper making up 40-50% of the body fabric. Cord marked, fabric impressed, net impressed and simple stamped surfaces are found. It was thought to date between 1000BC and 1AD initially (Phelps 1981a). Joe Herbert has 12 dates for Deep Creek/New River that range between 1865 and 160BC. At Minim Island oyster shell from levels containing pottery called Deep Creek received two carbon dates of 233AD (Calib 5.1, median, no reservoir effect, or median 613AD with). These were found in context with Deptford check stamped wares with the same paste characteristics, and they continued to be made well after the Deptford occupation. Thus some call similar or possibly identical pottery “Deptford cord marked” or Deptford fabric impressed” (Trinkley ed. 1991; Poplin et al 2004).

Mount Pleasant (Phelps 1983; Herbert 2003) Mount Pleasant is thought to evolve from Deep Creek. David Phelps thought it was the same as Cape Fear (Herbert 2003: 189). It tends to have fine to medium sand temper, with occasional large inclusions (Herbert 2009: 12). Phelps thought that net impressing increased and incising was also seen for the first time. He assumed a 300BC to 800AD range, but only had dates for 200-800AD (actually 265+/-65 to 890+/-90 or 200-980AD). Herbert has 24 dates associated with Mount Pleasant that push the date to as late as 1300AD (Herbert 2009: 27) throwing the type as conceived originally into question.

New River (Loftfield 1976; Herbert 2003)

New River was first defined by Tom Loftfield and was later re-defined by Joe Herbert, who brings the Deep Creek and Lenoir types into the fold. It is a sand tempered ware that is most often cord marked, followed by fabric impressed. He says it has a high density coarse sand temper and suggests "grit" (defined as very coarse to granule size) inclusions (Herbert 2009:8). Cord marked, fabric impressed, net, simple stamped and plain types are noted. Phelps proposed three periods for his Deep Creek, but Herbert does not believe the seriation is valid at this point.

Moser et al (2009:198) note that it is easy to mistake one of the many lithic tempered wares for New River however. Herbert has twelve dates that range from 1865-130BC (Herbert 2009: 10). Moser et al got a TL date of 3850+/-220BP (1900BC). Moser et al obtained a carbon date of 2810+/-70, or about 950BC (median, applying Calib 5.1). Cord marked (56%) and textile marked (net, fabric impressed - 23.1%) were the most common surface treatments at 31NH747 (Moser et al 2009: 198).