Wilmington Complicated Stamped

from David Anderson's type description

Background

This category subsumes earlier types developed for claylgrog tempered complicated stamped ceramics, notably Wilmington Complicated Stamped (Caldwell 1952: 316, see also Waring (1968:220) renamed Walthour Complicated Stamped by DePratter (1979: 130; 1991: 176). Walthour Complicated Stamped, found at the mouth of the Savannah, is assumed to date to the initial part of the Late Woodland, from ca. AD 500-600, and appears related to Deptford Complicated Stamped, which it closely resembles save for the paste differences (DePratter 126, 130). Excavations conducted on Wamassee Neck on St. Catherines Island by Caldwell in 1969 and 1970 demonstrated that the type appeared at the very end of the Deptford phase (DePratter The stamp designs strongly suggest that the type (and the related Deptford Complicated Stamped) is a local variant of Swift Creek Complicated Stamped.

Sorting Criteria

Complicated stamping characterized by concentric circles, figure eights, and other designs over the exterior vessel surface. The paste is characterized by crushed sherds or grog from 3 to 5 in maximum dimension, although larger inclusions up to 10.0 mm are sometimes noted.

Distribution

Poorly documented. Complicated stamped pottery characterized by sherd or claylgrog tempering appears largely restricted to the mouth of the Savannah River.

Chronological Position

Late Woodland period (ca. AD 500 -600).

Primary References

DePratter (1979:130, 1992: 176); Caldwell (1952: 316); Waring (1968: 220)