Yadkin Linear Check Stamped

from David Anderson's type description

Background

The type Yadkin Linear Check Stamped was initially described by Coe (1964: 31-32) based on a sample of 64 sherds (about four percent of the total Yadkin sample) from the Doerschuk site in along the Yadkin River in Piedmont North Carolina. A local manufacture was inferred, since only in surface finish did these sherds differ from other Yadkin wares found on the site. A large sample of Yadkin Check and Linear Check Stamped sherds 1) were reported at in Sumter County, South Carolina (Blanton et al. 1986: 89, 90). The temper was, with two exceptions where crushing was observed, subangular or unmodified quartz. A combined check/linear check stamped category was employed at check stamping was described as the predominant finish. A radiocarbon date of 380BC +/- 80 was obtained from from a feature with Yadkin Linear Check Stamped and Yadkin Simple Stamped sherds.

Six sherds of linear check stamped pottery characterized by a moderate incidence of large (1 .O-3.0 mm) rounded quartz inclusions were also recovered at Mattassee Lake (Anderson et al. 1982: 317, 318). While the paste may reflect the normal range of variation within the Deptford Linear Check Stamped type, an association with Coe's Yadkin Linear Check Stamped type is possible, especially given the presence of other probable Yadkin wares from the terrace. Yadkin-like wares have also been reported from White's Creek site in Marlboro County, South Carolina (Ward 1978).

Sorting Criteria

Linear check stamped impressions applied over the exterior surface while the paste was plastic; occasionally smoothed somewhat after stamping. Paste characterized by large amounts of rounded and sub-rounded or crushed white and clear quartz gravel (1.0-6.0 mm; average about 3.0 mm). Rims typically excurvate with flattened, decorated simple stamped or fabric impressed) lips. 

Distribution

Poorly documented. The ware is most commonly reported in the inner Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont of North and South Carolina in the vicinity of the boundary between the two states, from roughly the Santee-Wateree to the Cape Fear rivers.

Chronological Position

Early-Middle Woodland (ca. 500 BC -AD 500)

Primary References

Coe 1964; Ward 1978; Anderson et al. 1982:3 17-3 18; Blanton et al. 1986.