Yadkin Series Overview

Joffrey Coe defined the Yadkin type at the Doerschuck site. There it was superior stratigraphically to Badin ware. It differs from Badin both subtly- the cordage for cordmarking was tighter wound, and the fabric impressions were finer- and profoundly- sherds came to be tempered with large quantities of crushed quartz. Coe estimates that 30-40% of the body is made up of these chunks, which range in size from 1-8mm. Surfaces are mostly cord marked and fabric impressed, with the cord impressions often being smoothed over. Interior surfaces were smoothed but not burnished. A minority type was Yadkin linear check stamped. This had the same appearance, except for the stamping, and Coe believed it was made locally.

Yadkin has become a source of confusion at least partially as a result of Coe's statements that some 46 sherds had “clay temper” added to the quartz and that “one other sherd with this clay-quartz tempered paste was decorated with a dentate stamp” (Coe 1964: 30). This has caused some to correlate Yadkin and Refuge, and assign it a very early date as a result. But the Yadkin type has even worse problems, as pottery that was “Yadkin-like” (Anderson 1982) in that it had large inclusions came to be considered true “Yadkin” (Blanton et al 1986; Trinkley and Adams 1993; and many others).

Add to this the clay tempering issue and the general similarity of the major pottery series discussed by Herbert (2003, 2009) and it is evident that we should apply Coe's definition strictly, and not use the Yadkin name unless the sherds are densely tempered with crushed quartz. "Yadkin-like" sherds tempered with rounded granules or pebbles should not be called "Yadkin." This is Joe Herbert's conclusion (2009a) though I arrived at the same conclusion independently.