Santee River Drainage

The Santee drains most of South Carolina. About 90 miles from its mouth it splits into the Wateree and Congaree branches. Minim Island, in the Delta has already been discussed. A large amount of survey, accompanied by a smaller amount of more intensive excavations have been conducted at Francis Marion National Forest. One of the more important ceramic studies conducted to date is in David Anderson's report on the Mattassee Lake sites (Anderson et al 1982). These are about 50 miles inland, near St Stephens. Further upriver on the Wateree branch John Cable's detailed analysis of ceramics found at sites on the Poinsett Air Force bombing range stands out as an excellent study (Cable and Cantley 2002). Considerable work has been done at the mounds near Camden. but with the exception of George Stuart's dissertation (Stuart 1975) and Chris Judge's masters thesis (Judge 1986) little ceramic research has been published. Researchers working on Catawba sites near Rock Hill have identified 18th-21st century Catawba wares (Davis and Plane 2007), but works that discuss earlier ceramics are harder to find.

The Congaree/Broad branch of the Santee drainage has seen considerably less work, and very little oriented toward ceramic studies. Downstream near Columbia the Thoms Creek, Manning and Godley sites have seen a good bit of excavation over the years, but little has been written beyond the summary level (Trinkley 1980, Anderson 1979). Pottery has been found at a number of sites in the drainage, but all in all little work beyond the survey level has been done. Natalie Adams has tested a site near Jenkinsville, and Al Goodyear and Ruth Wetmore found pottery at Nipper Creek, in Richland County, but did not focus on it (Wetmore and Goodyear 1986). A highway bridge replacement project cause a limited amount of work to be done in Union County (Bridgeman-Sweeney 2006).

The counties bordering North Carolina have seen very limited work that has resulted in pottery recovery. Tommy Charles and Terry Ferguson's work at the Pumpkin site, in Greenville county, stands out. There has, in fact, been a good amount of work done on Cherokee sites in Oconee and Pickens Counties (Smith et al 1988) and research on sites in North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia is pertinent (Marcoux 2008, Rodning 2008) and stronger, in terms of pottery studies.